Friday, 12 March 2010

ABC of Shrubs




Large Evergreen Shrubs, more than 3 metres high :
  • Abelia x grandiflora H-3m, S-4m; Abelia x grandiflora ‘Edouard Goucher’.
  • Aucuba japonica H-3m, S-3m; Aucuba japonica ‘Crotonifolia’ H-3m, S-3m – they prefer shade.
  • Buxus balearica H-3m, S-2.5m; Buxus sempervirens ‘Handsworthensis’ H-5m, S-5m – they prefer shade, full sun dulls their leaves.
  • Carpenteria californica H-3m, S-3m.








  • Ceanothus ‘Concha’ H-3m, S-3m; C arboreus ‘Trewithen Blue’ H-6m, S-8m; C incanus H-3m, S-4m; C ‘Autumnal Blue’ H-3m, S-3m. Ceanothus may become chlorotic on alkaline soil.
  • Cotoneaster ‘Cornubia’ (semi-evergreen) H-6m, S-6m.
  • Cytisus battandieri (Pineapple broom) (semi-evergreen) H-5m, S-5m – could become cholorotic on alkaline soil.


  • Elaeagnus pugens ‘Maculata’ – may become cholorotic H-6, S-6m; Elaeagnus x ebbengei ‘Limelight’ H-3m, S-3m.
  • Euonymus japonica, suitable for dry conditions, many varieties, H-3m, S-2m.
  • Escallonia ‘Iveyi’ H-3m, S-3m; Escallonia ‘Leucantha’ H-3m, S-2.5m.
  • Fremontedendron ‘Californian Glory’ H-6m, S-4m, a very suitable shrub.



  • Garrya elliptica (Silk Tassel Bush) H-4m, S-4m.
  • Heteromeles arbutifolia H 5-10m.
  • Jasminum mesnyi H-5m, S-5m; J humile (Yellow Jasmine) H2.5m, S-3m; J humile ‘Revolutum’ has more and larger flowers; J nudiflorum (Winter flowering) H-3m, S-3m.
  • Ligustrum lucidum ‘Excelsum Superbum’ H-10m, S-10m; L ovalifolium, semi-evergreen H-4m, S-4m; L sinense, semi-evergreen H-4m, S-4m; L vulgare, semi-evergreen H-3m, S-3m, native to the region; L ‘Vicaryi’ H-3m, S-3m.
  • Myrtus communis, native to the region H-3m, S-3m.
  • Nerium oleander, many different types.
  • Olearia traversii H-10m, S-5m.
  • Phillyrea angustifolia, native to the region H-3m, S-2m.
  • Photinia serralata H-10m, S-8m; plus all other hybrids and varieties.
  • Pistachia lentiscus (Mastic tree), native to the region H-3m, S-3m.
  • Prunus illicifolia H-6m, S-4m.
  • Pyracantha ‘Golden Charmer’ H-3m, S-3m.
  • Rhamnus alaternus, native to the region H-4m, S-3m; Rhamnus alaternus ‘Argenteovariegata’ H-4m, S-3m.
  • Spartium junceum, native to the region H-3m, S-3m.
  • Viburnum tinus, native to the region H-3m, S-2m.


Large Deciduous Shrubs, more than 3 metres high:

  • Buddleja alternifolia, H-4m, S-4m; Buddleja 'Lochinch', H-2.5m, S-3m; Buddleja officinalis, H-2.5m, S-2.5m.
  • Caesalpinia japonica, H-2m, S-3m.



  • Colutea arborescens (Bladder Senna), H-3m, S-3m, Colutea x media, H-3m, S-3m.; Colutea orientalis, H-2m, S-1.5m.
  • Corylus avellana 'Contorta' (Corkscrew Hazel), ideal for chalky soils, H-5m-S-5m.
  • Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple', H-4m, S-3m; Cotinus obovatus, H-6m, S-4m.
  • Dipelta yunnanensis, H-3m, S-4m; Dipelta floribunda, H-4m, S-4m, both like alkaline soil.
  • Elaeagnus angustifolia, has grey leaves, H-6m, S-6m, can become chlorotic.
  • Escallonia rubra macrantha, the best Escallonia, H3m, S-4m.


  • Hibiscus syriacus 'Red Heart', H-3m, S-2; Hibiscus syriacus 'Woodbridge', H-3m, S-2m, Hibiscus needs some watering, they like alkaline soil.
  • Kolkwitzia amabilis 'Pink Cloud', H-3m, S-4m.
  • Lonicera tatarica, H-4m, S-2.5m; Lonicera xylosteum, H-3m, S-3m; Lonicera ledebourii, H3m, S-4m.
  • Lycium barbarum, native to the region, H-3m, S--3m.
  • Olearia x haastii, H-2m, S-3m; Olearia 'Henry Travers', H-2.5m, S-2m.
  • Osteomeles schweriniae, H-3m, S-3m.
  • Paliurus spina christi (Christ's Thorn, Jerusalem Thorn), native to the region, H-4m, S-3m.
  • Philadelphus coronarius 'Variegatus', H-3m, S-2.5m; Philadephus delavayi f. melanocalyx, H-3m, S-2.5m.
  • Pistachia terebinthus (Turpentine shrub), native to the region, H-6m, S-6m.
  • Ptelea trifoliata 'Aurea', H-5m, S-4m.
  • Rubus 'Benenden', H-3m, S-3m.
  • Syringa x persica (Persian Lilac), H-6m, S-6m; Syringa vulgaris cultivars are not really suited to this climate.
  • Tamarix ramosissima, H-5m, S-5m.
  • Vitex agnus-castus var. latifolia, H-5m, S-5m.



  • Vitex negundo var. cannabifolia, H-3m, S-3m.
  • Xanthoceras sorbifolium, H-4m, S-3m.
  • Zanthoxylum simulens, H-6m, S-5m.

Medium Evergreen Shrubs, from 1.5 metres to 3 metres high:

  • Acca (Feijoa) sellowiana (Pineapple Guave), H-2m, S-2

  • Atriplex canescens, H-2m, S-2.5m; Atriplex halimus, H-1.5m, S-2m.
  • Bupleurum fruticosum, H-2m, S-2.5m.
  • Callistemon rigide, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Cassinia vauvilliersii, H-2m, S-2.5m.
  • Ceanothus impressus, H-1.5m, S-2.5m.
  • Choisya ternata (Mexican Orange Blossom), H-2.5m, S-2.5m.
  • Cistus ladanifer, H-2m, S-1m; Cistus x purpureus 'Alan Fredd', H-1.5m, S-1.5m.

  • Coronilla glauca, native to the region, H-2.5m, S-2.5m.
  • Escallonia virgata, H-2m, S-2.5m; Escallonia 'Donald Seedling', H-2.5m, S-2.5m; Escallonia 'Apple Blossom', H-2.5m, S-2.5m; Escallonia 'Langleyensis', H-2m, S-3m.
  • Justicia (Jacobinia) carnea, H-2m, S-1m; Justicia (Jacobinia) spicigera, H-1.8m, S-1.2m.
  • Lavatera 'Lilac Lady', H-1.7m, S-80cm; Lavatera olbia 'Rosea', semi-evergreen, H-2m, S-2m; Lavatera assurgentiflora, semi-evergreen, H-2m, S-1.5m.
  • Lycium excertum, H-2m, S-80cm.

  • Myrtus communis ssp. tarentina, H1.5m, S-1.5m.
  • Osmanthus delavayi, H-2.5m, S-3m.
  • Ozothamnus (Helichrysum) rosmarinifolius, H-2m, S-1.5m.
  • Pistachia lentiscus (Mastic Tree), H-2.5m, S-2.5m, native to the region.
  • Pyracantha x watereri, H-2.5m, S-2.5m; Pyracantha 'Golden Dome', H-2m, S-3m.
  • Teucrium fruticans, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Viburnum suspensum, most beautiful of all the evergreens, needs a little shade and occasional watering, H-2.5m, S-2.5.

  • Ulex europaeus (gorse), H-2.5m, S-2m.
  • Yucca gloriosa (Spanish dagger), H-2m, S-2m.

Medium Decidious Shrubs, from 1.5 metres to 3 metres high:

  • Abelia chinensis, H-1m, S-1.5m, semi-evergreen
  • Aloysia triphylla (Lemon Verbena), H-2m, S-3m.
  • Berberis thunbergii f. atropurpurea, H-1m, S-2.5m.
  • Campylotropis macrocarpa, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Caryopteris incana, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Colutea arborescens, H-2m, S-2m; Colutea orientalis, H-2n, S-1.5.
  • Eleutherococcus sieboldianus, H-2.5m, S-2.5m, well suited to our area.
  • Fallugia paradoxa, H-2m, S-2m.


  • Hibiscus sinosyriacus 'Lilac Queen', H-2.5m, S-3m, needs some watering, likes alkaline soil.
  • Indigofera heterantha (gerardiana), H-2m, S-3m.
  • Kerria japonica, H-2m, S-2.5m.
  • Lespedeza thunbergii, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Lonicera frangrantissima, H2m, S-2m.
  • Medicago arborea, native to the region, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Neillia thibetica, H-2m, S-2m.








  • Perovskia atriplicifolia 'Blue Spire', H-1.2m, S-1.2m; Perovskia scrophularifolia, H-1.2m, S-1.2m.
  • Philadelphus 'Beauclerk', H-2.5m, S-2.5m; P. 'Belle Etoile', H-1.2m, S-2.5m; P. Boule d'Argent, H1.5m, S-1.5m; P. Dame Blanche, H-2m, S-2m; P. 'Lemoinei', H1.5m, S1.5m.
  • Phlomis fruticosa, H-1.5m, S-1.5m; Phlomis longifolia subsp. longifolia, H-1m, S-1m.; Phlomis lunariifolia, H1.5m, S-1.5m; Phlomis lycia, H-1.7m, S-1.7m.
  • Piptanthus nepalensis (laburnifolium), H-2.5m, S-2m.
  • Prinsepia uniflora var. serrata, H-1.8m, S-1.8m.

  • Rhus trilobata, H-1.2m, S-3m.
  • Sophora davidii (Sophora viciifolia), H-2.5m, S-3m.
  • Syringa laciniata, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Viburnum x carlcephalum, H-2.5m, S-2m.
  • Vitex chinensis, H-2m, S-2m.
  • Zanthoxylum piperitum, H-2.5m, S-2.5m

Small Evergreen Shrubs, up to 1.5 metres high:

  • Artemisia x Powis Castle, H-60cm, S-90cm


  • Berberis empetrifolis, H-45cm, S-60cm.
  • Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow', H-45cm, S-1m.
  • Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens, H-1m, S-1m.
  • Chamaebatiaria millefolium, H-1m, S-50cm.
  • Choisya 'Aztec Pearl', H-1m, S-50cm.
  • Cistus albidus, native to the region, H-1m, S-80cm; Cistus atriplicifolium, H-1.2m, S-1.2m; Cistus creticus, native to the region, H-1m, S-1m; Cistus x argenteus 'Peggy Sammons', H-1m, S-1m; Cistus x florentinus, H-30cm, S-50cm; Cistus x hybridus var. corbariensis, H-80cm, S-1.2m; Cistus x purpureus, H-1.2, S-1.2m; Cistus x purpureus 'Alan Fradd', H-1.5m, S-1.5m; Cistus x skanbergii, H-1m, S-1m.

  • Convolvulus cneorum, H-60cm, S90cm.
  • Coronilla valentina subsp. glauca, H-1.5m, S-1.5m.
  • Daphne odora leucantha, nicest specimen, does not like its roots to become too dry, H-1.5m, S-2.5m.






  • Escallonia rubra 'Woodside', H-75cm, S-1.5m.
  • Grindelia chiloensis, H-1m, S-1m.
  • Hertia cheirifolia, H-40cm, S-1m.
  • Hypericum calycinum, better in shade, H-60cm, S-indefinite.
  • Iberis arborea, H-40cm, S-40cm.
  • Leptospermum humifusum, H-1.5m, S-1.5m.
  • Nandina domestica, H-1m, S-80cm.

  • Ozathamnus ledifolius, H-1m, S-1m.
  • Phlomis italica, H-30cm, S-60cm; Phlomis cashmeriana, H-1m, S-1m; Phlomis chrysophylla, H-80cm, S-80cm; Phlomis 'Edward Bowles', H-80cm. S-30cm; Phlomis grandiflora, H-80cm, S-80cm.
  • Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken', H-1m, S-1.5m.
  • Rosmarinus eriocalyx, H-80cm, S-80cm; Rosmarinus officinalis 'Pointe de Raz', H-60cm, S-1m; Rosmarinus officinalis 'Corsican Blue', creeping rosemary, H-20cm, S-1m; Rosmarinus officinalis 'Majorcan Pink', H-1m, S-1m.
  • Ruscus hypophyllum, native to the region, H-60cm, S-1m.





  • Sarcopoterium spinosum, H-50cm, S-50cm.
  • Scabiosa cretica, H-50cm, S-1m.
  • Sphaeraicea ambigua, H-1m, S-1m.

Small Decidious Shrubs, up to 1.5 metres tall:

  • Abelia schumannii, H-1.5m.


  • Berberis thunbergii 'Aurea', H-1.5m, S-2m; Berberis 'Rubrostilla', H-1.5m, S-2.5m.
  • Caragana arborescens 'Nana', H-1.5m, S-1m.
  • Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Heavenly Blue', H-1m, S-1.5m; Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Kew Blue', H-1.m, S-1m.
  • Ceanothus 'Perle Rose', H-1.5m, S-1.5m, Ceanothus 'Gloire de Versailles', H-1.5m, S-1.5m

  • Ceratostigma willmottianum, H-1m, S-1.5m.
  • Cotoneaster horizontalis, H-1m, S-1.5m.
  • Cytisus x kewensis, H-30cm, S-1.5cm; Cytisus x praecox (Warminster Broom), H-1.2m, S-1.5m; Cytisus x praecox 'Allgold', H-1.2m, S-1.5m.
  • Elsholtzia stauntonii (Mint Bush), H-1m, S-1m; Elsholtzia stauntonii 'Alba', H-1m, S-1m.






  • Genista tinctoria, H-90cm, S-1m; Genista hispanica, H-75cm, S-1.5m.
  • Indigofera dielsiana, H-1.5m, S-1.5m.
  • Philadelphus 'Manteau d'Hermine', H-75cm, S-1.5m.
  • Potentilla. fruticosa, tolerates poorest soils, H-75cm, S-1.2m; Potentilla fruticosa var. mandschurica can stand more drought than others.



Bibliography: The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia, Pépinière de l'Armalette brochure, Mediterranean Gardening by Heidi Gildemeister, Mediterranean Gardener by Hugo Latymer.

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